The upper wedge of the Mississippi Delta extends into southwestern Tennessee, and it was in this fertile section that cotton took hold. Tennessee's Bob Corker was the only freshman Republican elected to the U.S. Senate in the 2006 midterm elections. Public primary and secondary education systems are operated by county, city, or special school districts to provide education at the local level. [20] Other major tourist attractions include the Tennessee Aquarium and Chattanooga Choo-Choo Hotel in Chattanooga; Dollywood in Pigeon Forge; Ripley's Aquarium of the Smokies and Ober Gatlinburg in Gatlinburg; the Parthenon, the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, and Ryman Auditorium in Nashville; the Jack Daniel's Distillery in Lynchburg; Elvis Presley's Graceland residence and tomb, the Memphis Zoo, the National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis; and Bristol Motor Speedway in Bristol. Middle Tennessee is one of the primary state population and transportation centers along with the heart of state government. On average the state receives 50 inches (130 cm) of precipitation annually. Concealed carry and open-carry of a handgun is permitted with a Tennessee handgun carry permit or an equivalent permit from a reciprocating state. Capital punishment was restarted in 1978, although those prisoners awaiting execution between 1960 and 1978 had their sentences mostly commuted to life in prison. [citation needed] In the 2008 elections, the Republican party gained control of both houses of the Tennessee state legislature for the first time since Reconstruction. The second has been held continuously by Republicans or their antecedents since 1859. [136] Mining activities in the basin resulted in a major environmental disaster, which left the landscape in the basin barren for more than a century. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms its western border. I always thought it was an interesting name, but my friend liked it, so I guess that's all that mattered. Lieutenant Governor Ron Ramsey is the first Republican speaker of the state Senate in 140 years. The nickname became even more applicable during the Mexican–American War in 1846, after the Secretary of War asked the state for 2,800 soldiers, and Tennessee sent over 30,000. [80], According to the 2010 census, 6.4% of Tennessee's population were reported as under age 5, 23.6% under 18, and 13.4% were 65 or older.[81]. Tennessee is a Boy name, meaning Big bend in Native American origin. Following the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in April and Lincoln's call for troops from Tennessee and other states in response, Harris began military mobilization, submitted an ordinance of secession to the General Assembly, and made direct overtures to the Confederate government. The governor is the only official who is elected statewide. Poultry, soybeans, and cattle are its primary agricultural products,[18] and major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, and electrical equipment. Thousands of former slaves ended up fighting on the Union side, nearly 200,000 in total across the South. Tennessee Williams, playwright. Meanwhile, the men's basketball team has won four SEC championships and reached the NCAA Elite Eight in 2010. Historian Dewey W. Grantham traces divisions in the state to the period of the American Civil War; for decades afterward, the eastern third of the state was heavily Republican and the western two thirds mostly voted Democratic. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi (or "Tanase", in syllabary: ᏔᎾᏏ) in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee. Knoxville's McGhee Tyson Airport (TYS) and Chattanooga's Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport (CHA), as well as the Tri-Cities' Tri-Cities Regional Airport (TRI), provide air service to numerous destinations. [16], During the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from mainly an agrarian economy to a more diversified one. According to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2011 Tennessee's real gross state product was $233.997 billion. [158], Capital punishment has existed in Tennessee at various times since statehood. Tennesse Name Meaning. The state constitution allows no more than two justices of the five-member Tennessee Supreme Court to be from one Grand Division and a similar rule applies to certain commissions and boards. The average stay was 2.16 nights, compared to 2.03 nights for the U.S. as a whole. It has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". In 2016, the element tennessine was named for the state, largely in recognition of the roles played by Oak Ridge, Vanderbilt University, and the University of Tennessee in its discovery.[17]. [159] From 1916 to 1960 the state executed 125 inmates. The town was located on a river of the same name (now known as the Little Tennessee River), and appears on maps as early as 1725. This kind of origin is the guarantee of its value; there is no other.”—Neal Cassady (1926–1968), “Each structure and institution here was so primitive that you could at once refer it to its source; but our buildings commonly suggest neither their origin nor their purpose.”—Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862), List of Law Enforcement Agencies in Tennessee, Battle of Franklin (1864) Confederate Order of Battle, List of Independent Catholic Schools in The United States, List of Liberal Arts Colleges in The United States. In 1880 there were 14 Tennessee families living in Tennessee. Religious affiliation of Tennessee population as of 2014[90], The religious affiliations of the people of Tennessee as of 2014:[90], The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 1,483,356; the United Methodist Church with 375,693; the Roman Catholic Church with 222,343; and the Churches of Christ with 214,118. Tanasi is a historic Overhill Cherokee village site in Monroe County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. Hostilities erupted between the British and the neighboring Overhill Cherokees, and a siege of Fort Loudoun ended with its surrender on August 7, 1760. Public higher education is under the oversight of the Tennessee Higher Education Commission which provides guidance to two public university systems—the University of Tennessee system and the Tennessee Board of Regents. The modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, who used this spelling in his official correspondence during the 1750s. The state is trisected by the Tennessee River. In 2002, businessman Phil Bredesen was elected Tennessee's 48th governor. [51] These settlers formed the Watauga Association, a community built on lands leased from the Cherokee. The Trace was called the North Carolina Road, Avery's Trace, or The Wilderness Road (not to be confused with Daniel Boone's Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap). If the child's mother was married when the child was born or at any time during the 300 days leading up to the child's birth, her husband or former husband is presumed to be … (Tennessee County was the predecessor to current-day Montgomery County and Robertson County). Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. Tennessee , officially the State of Tennessee, is a state in the southeastern United States. Interstate 65 crosses the state through Nashville, while Interstate 75 serves Chattanooga and Knoxville and Interstate 55 serves Memphis. Of the foreign-born population, approximately 31.0% were naturalized citizens and 69.0% non-citizens. [115]:17 Forty-four percent of stays in the state were "day trips", 25% stayed one night, 15% stayed two nights, and 11% stayed four or more nights. Tennessee is the 36th largest by area and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. The earliest variant of the name that became Tennessee was recorded by Captain Juan Pardo, the Spanish explorer, when he and his men passed through a Native American village named "Tanasqui" in 1567 while traveling inland from South Carolina. With a yearlong statewide celebration called "Tennessee 200", it opened a new state park, Bicentennial Mall, at the foot of Capitol Hill in Nashville. 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